By Ali Hassan Mwinyi
Tawasifu hii inafuatia wasifu wa Mwalimu Julius Nyerere na tawasifu ya Rais Benjamin Mkapa na kuziba pengo lililokuwa limebaki katika kumbukumbu ya awamu tatu za mwanzo za uongozi wa Tanzania huru.
Vitabu hivi vinasaidia kuweka historia sawa; vinaziba baadhi ya mapengo katika kuelewa mambo mbalimbali ya kihistoria. Kitabu kinaitwa “Mzee Rukhsa” kuakisi uongozi wa Rais Mwinyi aliyependa kutumia neno jepesi kama hili kuashiria mambo makubwa aliyokuwa akiyafanya kufungua mipaka ya uchumi na siasa katika Tanzania.
Mojawapo ya mambo yanayowekwa sawa humu, ni kwamba, si kweli kuwa Rais Mwinyi alimkaidi Mwalimu kwa kuanzisha mageuzi kwenye uchumi. Kwa heshima kubwa aliyokuwa nayo kwa Mwalimu, hata akajiona kama ni kichuguu mbele yake aliyemlinganisha na Mlima Kilimanjaro, asingeweza kufanya hivyo. Isitoshe, Rais Mwinyi aliongoza serikali kwa miaka mitano ya mwanzo bila kuvaa kofia ya mwenyekiti wa chama (CCM). Mwalimu asingetaka, yasingewezekana.
Mwalimu alishajaribu kila njia lakini uchumi wa Tanzania uliendelea kudorora. Hazikuwepo fedha za kigeni hata kwa mambo ya msingi kabisa. Mwalimu akampa rukhsa Mwinyi kujaribu maarifa mengine. Baadaye yalikuwapo mambo ambayo Mwalimu hakuyafurahia, akayakemea hadharani. Lakini kimsingi alikubali hoja ya mageuzi, ikiwemo kufungua uchumi kwa sekta binafsi ya ndani na nje ya nchi.
Kadhalika kwenye siasa. Mwalimu aliona umuhimu wa mageuzi kwenye siasa, ikiwemo mabadiliko yaliyoakisiwa kwenye “Maamuzi ya Zanzibar”. Kitabu kinafafanua ilivyotokea, na kwamba wazo la awali lilikuwa la Mwalimu Nyerere, ingawa baadaye kuna mambo hakuyapenda.
Kitabu pia kinazungumzia changamoto nyingi za urais wa Ali Hassan Mwinyi, ikiwemo ile ya muundo wa muungano; migomo; uzawa na chuki baina ya wafanyabiashara; migogoro ya kidini na kadhalika. Yote hayo na mengine yamewekwa vizuri katika lugha nyepesi ya kueleweka na kila mtu.
Rais Mwinyi amechukua muda mrefu kukamilisha tawasifu yake, lakini thamani yake ilitosha kusubiriwa.
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Author: C. S. Lewis For many years an atheist, C. S. Lewis vividly describes the spiritual quest that convinced him of the truth and reality of Christianity, in his famous autobiography. "In the Trinity Term of 1929 I gave in, and admitted that God was God ... perhaps the most dejected and reluctant convert in all England." Thus Lewis describes memorably the crisis of his conversion. 'Surprised by Joy' reveals both that crisis and its momentous conclusion that would determine the shape of Lewis's entire life.
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Author: Samantha Power
'One of our foremost thinkers on foreign policy.' - Barack Obama What can one person do? At a time of division and upheaval, Samantha Power offers an urgent response to this question - and calls for a clearer eye, a kinder heart, and a more open and civil hand in our politics and daily lives. The Education of an Idealist combines powerful storytelling, vividly drawn characters and deep political insight. It traces Power's journey from childhood growing up in a pub in Ireland to war correspondent to presidential Cabinet official. In 2005, her critiques of US foreign policy caught the eye of newly elected Senator Barack Obama, who invited her to work with him on Capitol Hill and then on his presidential campaign. After Obama was elected president, Power went from being an activist outsider to a government insider, navigating the halls of power while trying to put her ideals into practice. She served for four years as Obama's human rights adviser, and in 2013 took one of the world's most powerful diplomatic positions, becoming the youngest ever US Ambassador to the United Nations. A Pulitzer Prize-winning writer, Power transports us from her childhood in Dublin to the streets of war-torn Bosnia to the White House Situation Room and the world of high-stakes diplomacy. With frank insight and humour, The Education of an Idealist lays bare the searing battles and defining moments of her life and shows how she juggled the demands of a 24/7 national security job with the challenge of raising two young children. Along the way, she illuminates the intricacies of politics and geopolitics, and reminds that in the face of great challenges there is always something each of us can do to advance the cause of human dignity. Honest, inspiring and evocatively written, Power's memoir is an unforgettable account of the world-changing power of idealism - and of one person's fierce determination to make a difference.
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By Michelle Obama
Now including a “Note to Self” letter to her younger self, a book club guide with 20 discussion questions and a 5 question Q&A with Michelle Obama. In her memoir, a work of deep reflection and mesmerizing storytelling, Michelle Obama invites readers into her world, chronicling the experiences that have shaped her-from her childhood on the South Side of Chicago to her years as an executive balancing the demands of motherhood and work, to her time spent at the world’s most famous address. With unerring honesty and lively wit, she describes her triumphs and her disappointments, both public and private, telling her full story as she has lived it-in her own words and on her own terms.
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Author: Isabel Allende The wise, warm, defiant new book from literary legend Isabel Allende - a meditation on power, feminism and what it means to be a woman When I say that I was a feminist in kindergarten, I am not exaggerating. As a child, Isabel Allende watched her mother, abandoned by her husband, provide for her three small children. As a young woman coming of age in the late 1960s, she rode the first wave of feminism. She has seen what has been accomplished by the movement in the course of her lifetime. And over the course of three marriages, she has learned how to grow as a woman while having a partner, when to step away, and the rewards of embracing one's sexuality. So what do women want? To be safe, to be valued, to live in peace, to have their own resources, to be connected, to have control over their bodies and lives, and above all, to be loved. On all these fronts, there is much work to be done, and this book, Allende hopes, will 'light the torch of our daughters and granddaughters with mine. They will have to live for us, as we lived for our mothers, and carry on with the work still left to be finished.'
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Author: Glennon Doyle Who were you before the world told you who to be? Part inspiration, part memoir, Untamed explores the joy and peace we discover when we stop striving to meet the expectations of the world, and instead dare to listen to and trust in the voice deep inside us. From the beloved New York Times bestselling author, speaker and activist Glennon Doyle. For many years, Glennon Doyle denied her discontent. Then, while speaking at a conference, she looked at a woman across the room and fell instantly in love. Three words flooded her mind: There. She. Is. At first, Glennon assumed these words came to her from on high but soon she realised they had come to her from within. This was the voice she had buried beneath decades of numbing addictions and social conditioning. Glennon decided to let go of the world's expectations of her and reclaim her true untamed self. Soulful and uproarious, forceful and tender, Untamed is both an intimate memoir and a galvanising wake-up call. It is the story of how one woman learned that a responsible mother is not one who slowly dies for her children, but one who shows them how to fully live. It is also the story of how each of us can begin to trust ourselves enough to set boundaries, make peace with our bodies, honour our anger and heartbreak, and unleash our truest, wildest instincts. Untamed shows us how to be brave. And, as Glennon insists, 'The braver we are, the luckier we get.'
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In 1962, fresh out of business school, Phil Knight borrowed $50 from his father and created a company with a simple mission: import high-quality, low-cost athletic shoes from Japan. Selling the shoes from the boot of his Plymouth, Knight grossed $8000 in his first year. Today, Nike's annual sales top $30 billion. In an age of start-ups, Nike is the ne plus ultra of all start-ups, and the swoosh has become a revolutionary, globe-spanning icon, one of the most ubiquitous and recognisable symbols in the world today. But Knight, the man behind the swoosh, has always remained a mystery. Now, for the first time, he tells his story. Candid, humble, wry and gutsy, he begins with his crossroads moment when at 24 he decided to start his own business. He details the many risks and daunting setbacks that stood between him and his dream - along with his early triumphs. Above all, he recalls how his first band of partners and employees soon became a tight-knit band of brothers. Together, harnessing the transcendent power of a shared mission, and a deep belief in the spirit of sport, they built a brand that changed everything. A memoir rich with insight, humour and hard-won wisdom, this book is also studded with lessons - about building something from scratch, overcoming adversity, and ultimately leaving your mark on the world.
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By Andrew Rugasira
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