By Ali Hassan Mwinyi
Tawasifu hii inafuatia wasifu wa Mwalimu Julius Nyerere na tawasifu ya Rais Benjamin Mkapa na kuziba pengo lililokuwa limebaki katika kumbukumbu ya awamu tatu za mwanzo za uongozi wa Tanzania huru.
Vitabu hivi vinasaidia kuweka historia sawa; vinaziba baadhi ya mapengo katika kuelewa mambo mbalimbali ya kihistoria. Kitabu kinaitwa “Mzee Rukhsa” kuakisi uongozi wa Rais Mwinyi aliyependa kutumia neno jepesi kama hili kuashiria mambo makubwa aliyokuwa akiyafanya kufungua mipaka ya uchumi na siasa katika Tanzania.
Mojawapo ya mambo yanayowekwa sawa humu, ni kwamba, si kweli kuwa Rais Mwinyi alimkaidi Mwalimu kwa kuanzisha mageuzi kwenye uchumi. Kwa heshima kubwa aliyokuwa nayo kwa Mwalimu, hata akajiona kama ni kichuguu mbele yake aliyemlinganisha na Mlima Kilimanjaro, asingeweza kufanya hivyo. Isitoshe, Rais Mwinyi aliongoza serikali kwa miaka mitano ya mwanzo bila kuvaa kofia ya mwenyekiti wa chama (CCM). Mwalimu asingetaka, yasingewezekana.
Mwalimu alishajaribu kila njia lakini uchumi wa Tanzania uliendelea kudorora. Hazikuwepo fedha za kigeni hata kwa mambo ya msingi kabisa. Mwalimu akampa rukhsa Mwinyi kujaribu maarifa mengine. Baadaye yalikuwapo mambo ambayo Mwalimu hakuyafurahia, akayakemea hadharani. Lakini kimsingi alikubali hoja ya mageuzi, ikiwemo kufungua uchumi kwa sekta binafsi ya ndani na nje ya nchi.
Kadhalika kwenye siasa. Mwalimu aliona umuhimu wa mageuzi kwenye siasa, ikiwemo mabadiliko yaliyoakisiwa kwenye “Maamuzi ya Zanzibar”. Kitabu kinafafanua ilivyotokea, na kwamba wazo la awali lilikuwa la Mwalimu Nyerere, ingawa baadaye kuna mambo hakuyapenda.
Kitabu pia kinazungumzia changamoto nyingi za urais wa Ali Hassan Mwinyi, ikiwemo ile ya muundo wa muungano; migomo; uzawa na chuki baina ya wafanyabiashara; migogoro ya kidini na kadhalika. Yote hayo na mengine yamewekwa vizuri katika lugha nyepesi ya kueleweka na kila mtu.
Rais Mwinyi amechukua muda mrefu kukamilisha tawasifu yake, lakini thamani yake ilitosha kusubiriwa.
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Author: Joe Biden In November 2014, thirteen members of the Biden family gathered for their traditional Thanksgiving celebration. But this year felt different from the previous. Joe and Jill Biden's eldest son, Beau, had been diagnosed with a malignant brain tumor fifteen months earlier, and his survival was uncertain. 'Promise me, Dad,' Beau had told his father. 'Give me your word that no matter what happens, you're going to be all right.' Joe Biden gave him his word. Promise Me, Dad chronicles the year that followed, which would be the most momentous and challenging in Joe Biden's extraordinary life and career. Vice President Biden traveled more than a hundred thousand miles that year, across the world, dealing with crises in Ukraine, Central America, and Iraq. While Beau fought for, and then lost his life, the Vice President balanced the twin imperatives of living up to his responsibilities to his country and his responsibilities to his family, while contemplating the insistent and urgent question of whether he should seek the presidency in 2016. Even in the worst times, Biden was able to lean on the strength of his long, deep bonds with his family, on his faith, and on his deepening friendship with the man in the Oval Office, Barack Obama.
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Author: Samantha Power
'One of our foremost thinkers on foreign policy.' - Barack Obama What can one person do? At a time of division and upheaval, Samantha Power offers an urgent response to this question - and calls for a clearer eye, a kinder heart, and a more open and civil hand in our politics and daily lives. The Education of an Idealist combines powerful storytelling, vividly drawn characters and deep political insight. It traces Power's journey from childhood growing up in a pub in Ireland to war correspondent to presidential Cabinet official. In 2005, her critiques of US foreign policy caught the eye of newly elected Senator Barack Obama, who invited her to work with him on Capitol Hill and then on his presidential campaign. After Obama was elected president, Power went from being an activist outsider to a government insider, navigating the halls of power while trying to put her ideals into practice. She served for four years as Obama's human rights adviser, and in 2013 took one of the world's most powerful diplomatic positions, becoming the youngest ever US Ambassador to the United Nations. A Pulitzer Prize-winning writer, Power transports us from her childhood in Dublin to the streets of war-torn Bosnia to the White House Situation Room and the world of high-stakes diplomacy. With frank insight and humour, The Education of an Idealist lays bare the searing battles and defining moments of her life and shows how she juggled the demands of a 24/7 national security job with the challenge of raising two young children. Along the way, she illuminates the intricacies of politics and geopolitics, and reminds that in the face of great challenges there is always something each of us can do to advance the cause of human dignity. Honest, inspiring and evocatively written, Power's memoir is an unforgettable account of the world-changing power of idealism - and of one person's fierce determination to make a difference.
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By Andrew Rugasira
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Author: Isabel Allende The wise, warm, defiant new book from literary legend Isabel Allende - a meditation on power, feminism and what it means to be a woman When I say that I was a feminist in kindergarten, I am not exaggerating. As a child, Isabel Allende watched her mother, abandoned by her husband, provide for her three small children. As a young woman coming of age in the late 1960s, she rode the first wave of feminism. She has seen what has been accomplished by the movement in the course of her lifetime. And over the course of three marriages, she has learned how to grow as a woman while having a partner, when to step away, and the rewards of embracing one's sexuality. So what do women want? To be safe, to be valued, to live in peace, to have their own resources, to be connected, to have control over their bodies and lives, and above all, to be loved. On all these fronts, there is much work to be done, and this book, Allende hopes, will 'light the torch of our daughters and granddaughters with mine. They will have to live for us, as we lived for our mothers, and carry on with the work still left to be finished.'
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